Rwanda is a beautiful country situated between the centre and the East of Africa,in the Africa’s great lakes region.From this country you can watch so many species known in the world wildlife and many birds in the Rwandan forests. Something special that this country has ,is the mountain Gorillas in the Volcanoes national park, these species have many mysteries because of having a very closed relationship to humankind .
You can find the magnificent creatures and the only remaining animal species that are the human’s closest relatives which dwell in the central Africa,in the Rwandan volcano mountains.
These species have a specific and mysterious characteristic that they share with humankind.
These mountain gorillas are highly socials and live in a very related and stable environment , cohesive groups held together by long-term bonds between adult males and females. Relationships among females are relatively weak.These groups are non territorial; the silverback generally defends his group rather than his territory. In the Virunga mountain gorillas, the average length of tenure for a dominant silverback is 4.7 years.
Silverback mountain gorilla with female.
More than a half of groups are composed of one adult male and a number of females and 36% contain more than one adult male. The remaining gorillas are either lone males or exclusively male groups, usually made up of one mature male and a few younger males. Group sizes vary from five to thirty, with an average of ten individuals. A typical group contains: one dominant silverback, who is the group’s undisputed leader; another subordinate silverback (usually a younger brother, half-brother, or even an adult son of the dominant silverback); one or two black backs, who act as sentries; three to four sexually mature females, who are ordinarily bonded to the dominant silverback for life; and from three to six juveniles and infants.
Most males, and about 60% of females, leave their natal group. Males leave when they are about 11 years old, and often the separation process is slow: they spend more and more time on the edge of the group until they leave altogether.They may travel alone or with an all-male group for 2–5 years before they can attract females to join them and form a new group. Females typically emigrate when they are about 8 years old, either transferring directly to an established group or beginning a new one with a lone male. Females often transfer to a new group several times before they settle down with a certain silverback male.
When the dominant silverback dies or is killed by disease, accident, or poachers, the family group may be severely disrupted. Unless he leaves behind a male descendant capable of taking over his position, the group will either split up or be taken over in its entirety by an unrelated male. When a new silverback takes control of a family group, he may kill all of the infants of the dead silverback.This practice of infanticide is an effective reproductive strategy, in that the newly acquired females are then able to conceive the new male’s offspring. Infanticide has not been observed in stable groups
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